In the discussion section preceding his lecture, Nelson was asked about the “Internet Skepticism movement”. Nelson is a friend of Jaron Lanier (whose new book includes a chapter on Nelson), but was not aware of Evgeny Morozov, who will also lecture in the same series at PS1. Nelson expressed that he has little interest in what the media terms a movement, but he is glad others are catching on. “I don’t know anybody from my generation of computer people that has adapted because we all had original visions and were not hampered by having seen ‘the web’, or ‘Google’ or ‘cascading menus’ or ‘Microsoft Word’ so we were free to imagine things an entirely different way.” How does it feel to look around and see a watered-down version of your own vision? “Hypertext was invented by Douglas C. Englebart, my dearest friend who died two days ago”, Nelson reminds us. A quick Google search for ‘inventor of hypertext’ displays ‘Ted Nelson’ inside a big box with a headshot. This discrepancy can perhaps be explained by something Nelson said about information annealing: “On most subjects in the universe, there’s generally a minority point of view and that doesn’t anneal very well, unless you rule it out.” Like Englebart, Nelson’s early involvement in the technology allowed him to create something unprecedented. “Everything you see on a computer screen is an imaginary concept someone carried through”, Nelson said. In the current climate, programming is seen as the means to understand and manipulate the systems which exude control over our lives, but the ability to make the imaginary real is what gets many creative people glued to their screens. And Xanaduspace, Nelson’s 3D demo of linked documents built on a 50-year-old data model, does much to stimulate one’s imagination. It’s like catching a glimpse of an alternate present, one in which “parallel flying pages or Xanaweave” are in everyday parlance. Referring to today’s young technologists for which San Francisco serves as “a bedroom,” Nelson said: “[they possess] tunnel vision optimism with which they see the future. They think that apps and search will give us everything… will make the world a happier and cleaner place… it’s all fad-driven.. the latest slogan has huge ripples throughout the community.